If you take blood vigour medication, it might be time to double up. Then come behind in 15-20 mins and review this.
DOJ: Social Media Posts Trashing Muslims May Violate Civil Rights
In its latest bid to strengthen supporters of Islam in the U.S. the Obama Justice Department warns opposite regulating amicable media to widespread information deliberate inflammatory opposite Muslims, melancholy that it could consecrate a defilement of polite rights.
The move comes a few years after the administration became the initial in story to dispatch a U.S. Attorney General to privately encourage Muslims that the Department of Justice (DOJ) is dedicated to safeguarding them…
Evidently that was a predecessor of sorts for an arriving Tennessee eventuality (“Public Disclosure in a Diverse Society”) that will underline the region’s tip DOJ official, who serves as U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Tennessee, and an FBI representative…
The area’s tip sovereign prosecutor, Bill Killian, will residence a subject that most Americans are likely unknown with, even those good able on the Constitution; that sovereign polite rights laws can indeed be disregarded by those who post inflammatory papers directed at Muslims on amicable media. “This is an educational bid with polite rights laws as they play into leisure of sacrament and sportive leisure of religion,” Killian says in the internal news story. “This is also to surprise the open what sovereign laws are in outcome and what the consequences are.”
The DOJ domestic nominee adds in the essay that the arriving display will also concentration on Muslim enlightenment with a special importance on the fact that the sacrament is no opposite from others, even yet some in the faith have committed militant acts, Christians have finished the same.
Well, I’m certain that’s a great comfort to the victims of Islamic terrorism and their survivors. Christians have finished bad things too, y’know!
So, what accurately constitutes “inflammatory papers directed at Muslims on amicable media”? Who gets to decide that? Not you or me, I’m assuming. Let me guess: If we post something about a militant conflict committed by Islamic extremists, and a singular Muslim anywhere in the universe is annoyed by it, his hurt feelings will consecrate the explanation of my wrongdoing. It’ll be adult to me to infer otherwise.
Let’s see if this rings any bells among the big smarts at the DOJ:
“Congress shall make no law respecting an investiture of religion, or prohibiting the giveaway practice thereof; or abridging the leisure of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a calibrate of grievances.”
Do we need to rectify this amendment? We substantially need to add: “…unless a Muslim’s feelings get hurt by a big meanie on Twitter.”
That’s the thing about making concessions to a enlightenment of victimization. The members of that enlightenment will never stop anticipating new ways to make themselves the victims. A man gets beheaded in extended illumination on a London street, and then the murderers mount around, literally red-handed, explaining why Allah made them do it. And what’s the title the subsequent day?
“Muslims Brace for Backlash.”
It never fails. It’s pathetic.
If it’s a polite rights defilement to indicate out that Muslims have the same rights as every other American, no some-more or less, and they’re not the victims when Islamic terrorists strike… we theory I’m guilty as charged.
Wait. Which nation is this? Somebody help me out here.
But hey, our fiercely intelligent, rarely able friends in the Justice Dept. are just following their leader:
The DOJ assumes that Muslims can’t control themselves, so the rest of us have to close adult about Islamic terrorism. But WE’RE the bigots?
— Jim Treacher (@jtLOL) May 31, 2013
Update: And it’s worldwide.
Update: John Hayward has a great mainstay on the paranoid character of Obama politics. Regarding Islamic self-victimization: “A working mass of white extremist Neanderthals lurks perpetually just out of sight, prepared to raze in a aroused recoil opposite trusting Muslims any day now. Who knows – maybe the next slaughter will finally set them off.”
A mislaid Gothic city that thrived on a mist-shrouded Cambodian towering 1,200 years ago has been detected by archaeologists regulating insubordinate airborne laser technology, a news said.
In what it called a universe exclusive, the Sydney Morning Herald said the city, Mahendraparvata, enclosed temples dark by jungle for centuries, many of which have not been looted.
A publisher and photographer from the journal accompanied the “Indiana Jones-style” expedition, led by a French-born archaeologist, by landmine-strewn jungle in the Siem Reap segment where Angkor Wat, the largest Hindi church formidable in the world, is located.
The speed used an instrument called Lidar — light showing and trimming information — which was strapped to a helicopter that criss-crossed a towering north of Angkor Wat for 7 days, providing information that matched years of belligerent investigate by archaeologists.
It effectively peeled divided the jungle canopy regulating billions of laser pulses, permitting archaeologists to see structures that were in ideal squares, completing a map of the city which years of perfected belligerent investigate had been incompetent to achieve, the news said.
It helped exhibit the city that reportedly founded the Angkor Empire in 802 AD, uncovering some-more than dual dozen formerly unrecorded temples and justification of ancient canals, dykes and roads regulating satellite navigation coordinates collected from the instrument’s data.
Jean-Baptiste Chevance, executive of the Archaeology and Development Foundation in London who led the expedition, told the journal it was famous from ancient scriptures that a great warrior, Jayavarman II, had a towering capital, “but we didn’t know how all the dots fitted, accurately how it all came together”.
“We now know from the new information the city was for certain connected by roads, canals and dykes,” he said.
The find is set to be published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States.
Damian Evans, executive of the University of Sydney’s archaeological investigate centre in Cambodia, which played a pivotal part in building the Lidar technology, said there might be important implications for today’s society.
“We see from the imagery that the landscape was totally abandoned of vegetation,” Evans, a co-expedition leader, said.
“One speculation we are looking at is that the serious environmental impact of deforestation and the coherence on H2O government led to the passing of the civilisation … maybe it became too successful to the indicate of apropos unmanageable.”
The Herald said the trek to the hull concerned traversing rutted goat marks and knee-deep bogs after travelling high into the plateau on motorbikes.
Everyone concerned was sworn to privacy until the commentary were peer-reviewed.
Evans said it was not famous how vast Mahendraparvata was because the hunt had so distant only lonesome a singular area, with some-more supports indispensable to enlarge it out.
“Maybe what we see was not the executive part of the city, so there is a lot of work to be finished to learn the limit of this civilisation,” he said.
“We need to safety the area because it’s the start of our culture,” secretary of state at Cambodia’s Ministry of Culture, Chuch Phoeun, told AFP.
Angkor Wat was at one time the largest pre-industrial city in the world, and is deliberate one of the ancient wonders of the world.
It was assembled from the early to midst 1100s by King Suryavarman II at the tallness of the Khmer Empire’s domestic and troops power.
Copyright (2013) AFP. All rights reserved.
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Mass Graves Of Communist Soldiers
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Famed 17th Century Warship
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Lost Grave Of King Richard III
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Found In The French Alps
The prolonged mislaid disadvantage of an Air India craft pile-up in 1966 was found on the slopes underneath Mont Blanc. (AP Photo/Arnaud Christmann/OHM)
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Amazing Find Near Jerusalem
Israeli archeologists unearthed dual 9,500-year-old figurines nearby Jerusalem. (AP Photo/Yael Yolovitch, Israel Antiquities Authority)
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Bathing Children Find Ancient Buddha Statues
Children found 6 ancient Buddha statues which are believed to be around 1,000 years old while showering in a newly dug pool in Khleng Por. (Photo: AP Photo/Heng Sinith)
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100-Year-Old Mystery Package Opened
Norwegians non-stop a 100-years-old puzzling package which was handed over to administrators in 1912 with the summary that its essence would “benefit and pleasure destiny generations.” (Photo: VG TV)
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Pilot And Jet Share Amazing Survival Story
Ex-Navy commander Bob Besal survived a mid-air jet collision in 1974 and after became a flashy fight hero. Besal detected that the craft from which he ejected had a happy ending, too — as a embankment at the bottom of the Atlantic. (Photo: Bob Besal/TISIRI)
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Major Discovery Off Italian Coast
Scuba divers have found what is believed to be an ancient bronze sculpture of a lion’s conduct along with a finish fit of armor off the seashore of Italy nearby Calabria. (Photo: KSEE24)
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Rare WWII Dispatch Sells For How Much?
A singular troops wire that announced the end of U.S. hostilities with Japan during WWII was auctioned for some-more than $20,000. (AP Photo/Michael Rubinkam)
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The children are in bed, and we am fibbing in the bath on a Friday night after a frazzling week. I have combined bath oil and a knock of Dead Sea salt. I have a crater of tea. we tighten my eyes and try to relax, but a paltry confusion army them open again. There is a flare fibbing by the side of the bath, just in my eyeline. Beyond the fork, there is an upturned bowl, a length of raffia, a fun ice brick with a cosmetic fly inside, an unidentifiable immature piece in a small cosmetic cylinder that we trust was once homemade hair gel, a plush Stormtrooper and a very, really tiny cosmetic dinosaur. We haven’t even reached the taps yet.
This is not unusual: my residence is full of clutter. Four of us live here and we are not, to say the least, minimalists. My elder son wanders around oblivious, shedding an easy-to-follow route behind him: scribbled notes, biscuit wrappers, interesting leaves he has found, balled-up socks. My younger son hoards his changed things carefully, privately, in drawers and boxes and padlocked tins. My table is a infamous variety of business cards and leaflets, neglected communications from HMRC and long-defunct Biros, and my beloved has given adult on his mail and leaves it in extravagant, perilous heaps on every surface. Wherever we concede my eye to travel, there are piles of things that have no business being there: siren cleaners and receipts, lengths of mysterious cable, marbles and lip salves and shoelaces.
Clutter gets a really bad rap. We are constantly exhorted to declutter and simplify, as if to do so is a by-pass to contentment: you can follow an Oprah-approved programme or compensate someone to come turn and do the tough lifting, filing and throwing divided for you. Mess has turn a dignified issue: the foolish accumulation of things is seen as careless and materialistic, a sign of western decadence. It weighs us down mentally; there are studies joining a chaotic home sourroundings to behavioural problems in children. Clutter, too, is all too simply confused with hoarding, a honestly attribution materialisation that often disguises surpassing psychological troubles. The new conviction of Duncan Scott and Claire Anderson for child cruelty when their accumulation of car-boot-sale junk made vital conditions for their immature family unbearable, has expel a new and unpalatable light on the issue.
I am not a hoarder, but in the short, dark days towards the end of final year, we began to collect all the objects that were left in our soaking appurtenance after a wash. Coins, honeyed wrappers, cosmetic bottletops, rubber-band bracelets, Lego figures. Some would tumble out of pockets as we pulled the heavy mixed of soppy fabric out, or I would find them in the drum; the infancy got trapped between the rubber doorway seals and we took a impolite pleasure in prising them detached to learn what had privileged adult there any time. we put all my discoveries in cosmetic sandwich bags – a bag per rinse – on a shelf in the kitchen, and when anyone looked quizzically at my hoard, or attempted to collect their toys or money, we would rush, protectively, to my sandwich bags.
“No,” we would say, defensively, “it’s for a project. A work project.” we had a vague idea that someone collecting domicile balderdash might make an interesting basement for a brief story. There was, however, a potential slur from my family (and indeed, we felt it myself) that the “project” was indeed a form of hardly sheltered shaken breakdown, which would end with me barricaded in the attic, surrounded by jam jars full of toenail clippings and urine, colour coding my junk mail. It was a formidable time. After a prolonged duration of romantic upheaval, income worries and career stalemate, we felt honestly fearful for the future, and there was something infrequently calming in cataloguing the long-lived confusion of family life; the justification that on some level, things were still as they had always been.
I stopped collecting washing-machine junk, to the service of my family, and never managed to write anything about it, but my seductiveness in the stress of the flotsam of family life didn’t recede. we began to demeanour with uninformed eyes at the piles and heaps and bundles that dotted our house, as informed and easy to omit as the walls.
It is not that we actively find to acquire some-more stuff: the creeping, incremental enlargement of our footprint on the world makes me worried and I am intermittently maddened by our accumulation of domestic rubble. When people come round, we see the residence with new eyes: the disaster looks worse, somehow, by the prism of an outmost gaze, and I’m ashamed. we whisk around with a bin bag and force what we can’t dispose of out of sight.
Every time we have moved house, those initial few days – when the space is dull but for the comprehensive unclothed essentials – are intoxicating. Perhaps, I think to myself, looking around the undeviating area of building and wall, we can live like this?
But we can’t: the confusion earnings with all the effect of a destructive aria of mould. Families can’t live in the obsolete spaces lampooned on the satirical website Unhappy Hipsters: they strew and drop and nest, they remove and find. The archaeological record of family life lies in our kitchen drawers, lavatory cupboards and hall tables, in our pockets and on our bedside cabinets and, actually, we have realised I’m blissful of it.
It is wrong to suppose it is a new phenomenon. we grew adult in York, a city marked by the daily lives of some-more than 2,000 years of tellurian existence, and their confusion – the boots and belts and dice, Saxon cups and Georgian image fragments that we looked at in museum cases, dug adult in the backyard and wrote about at propagandize – is really like ours. we see the puzzling steel flotsam that my stepfather keeps in a bowl on his mantelpiece when we demeanour at the Viking keys in the Jorvik Viking centre; a Roman bangle made from Whitby jet was really like the ones you can buy in commemoration shops there now. Life was ever messy, these artefacts say, and we leave our mark in tiny, unconsidered ways.
I would disagree that there is something utterly touching about the accumulation of even the most complicated stuff, if you can move yourself to look at it some-more kindly and at a sedimentary level. The joyless piles of paper that I resentfully arrange by every now and then customarily conceal a sketch or dual from one of my sons; drawings that snippet the expansion of their enthusiasms and lift a smile: from cinema of unsure dragons and estimate Pokémons to scenes of elaborate animation slaughter, or a cobra swallowing a happy, picnicking family.
Each one is a image of a impulse that we would differently onslaught to remember. Recently, we unclosed my eldest’s initial incongruous drawing, desirous by the arrival of our dog, an event so noted that it was marked by untypically perfected felt-tip work.
Or take my slovenly desk: the boring-looking mill almost dark underneath an avalanche of press releases is in fact a sea-urchin fossil, a seamed star settlement just manifest on the tip side. We found it on the Isle of Wight one summer, on a fast disintegrating widen of shingle (we had miscalculated the tide) underneath a blackening, meaningful sky. My crony and we attempted to build a arrange of pebble windbreak, then gave adult and huddled together celebration tea in polystyrene cups, our 4 children rioting in the haphazard, bored, spasmodic aroused demeanour of tiny boys. She died 3 years later, and when we reason the well-spoken heft of that mill in my palm, we think of that stupid outing, the span of us in our cagoules, our amiable grousing at what seems in review a rather perfect holiday.
Then there is the immature tin box that followed me home from my final job. Inside there are scissors and sachets of pepper, a hurl of yellowing gummy fasten and 7 packets of phony request flags, corpse from the final weeks of that pursuit when we thought that the startle of excess could be dragging by hidden stationery. In the reduce substrate of phony sketch pins, singular staples and transient pepper, we recently found the handwritten pinkish paper and cosmetic sanatorium wrist tab released to my sister when she was born. “Baby of Sarah Baldwin,” it reads, yet no one ever called my mom Sarah, and then the date and time of her birth. When I take both cut ends and hold them together, the rim is comically, unimaginably tiny: my sister is 28 this year.
I don’t know how it got there, but I know where it came from: the tiny raffia box that lived on the chest of drawers in our mother’s bedroom, where she kept both our sanatorium bracelets, and a preference of our baby teeth – tiny bloodied shards like spell accessories. We keep these things as a obsolete act of love, I suppose: the divert teeth, the pregnancy tests, a lopped-off twist from a initial haircut. When we privileged out Mum’s bedroom after she died, my sister’s bracelet must have landed incidentally in my pile. we keep what I inherited from my mom (scarves, jumpers, her initial rendezvous ring) really carefully, but this tiny thing that was so changed to her has washed up in my immature box. It feels like an odd privilege to be the one to preserve the ephemera of my sister’s arrival now.
I wonder, perhaps, if we comfortable to our confusion some-more when we know how frail and evanescent the states it annals can be? I’m not suggesting everybody should have a flare on the side of the bath (I really most do not suggest that), or that we should simply obey to the flapping accumulation of dross, but we do think it deserves a kinder eye, occasionally. Our confusion tells the story of how we live and have lived. Now and then, that is a story we all wish to hear.
I’d say Richard III is some-more Stannis. The Baratheon and Yorkist brothers: Edward IV/ King Robert- both stately warriors in their youth, but over ate and drank there approach to an early grave; Renly/ Clarence: youthful, popular, not as clever as his brothers; Stannis/ Richard: both hugely driven by religion, usurped/ (Stannis) attempts to adopt his viewed deceptive nephews.
Bradbeer Shifts CSA World’s Axis
By Fred L. Reed, Bank Note Reporter
June 11, 2013
This letter was creatively printed in Bank Note Reporter.
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The U.S. Treasury’s placement of over-abundance sequestered Confederate paper money stored in its vaults had an energizing outcome on the CSA banking marketplace, which would be totally remade in the years heading adult to World War I.
The effort of the times is indicated by S.H. Chapman’s sale of the excellent collection of William Francis Gable on May 27, 1914. In this pre-Bradbeer era, Chapman used both Thian and Haseltine numbers in his catalog, nonetheless he found the Thian complement wanting. In the Gable sale, a Montgomery $1,000 brought $42, the Montgomery $500 in VF brought $48, and the $5 Manouvrier in Fine, $11. According to Wayne Hilton’s investigate (see below), that was the tip cost achieved at open auction to that date for a Montgomery $1,000, solely for Henry Chapman’s 1908 $50 sale of Harmon Chambers’ M-note.
Gable (Feb. 12, 1856-Nov. 28, 1921) had non-stop a dry products business in 1884, and made the bulk of his paper income collection in the 1890s. His yard products store was immensely successful and threw off a lot of income for its owners to pursue his other interests. Gable built adult an measureless china collection, and indulged in other hobbies. Following his death, the sale of his art collection, autographs, manuscripts, books and other land comprised no fewer than 8 additional sales, Nov 1923-April 1925.(1)
Another vital sale of the duration that captivated headlines was Wayte Raymond’s U.S. Coin Co. sale of a “Large Collection of Confederate and Other Paper Money” sole on Jun 29, 1914. Raymond’s auctions got play in the ubiquitous media. On Jun 19, 1914, the New York Times published a vast notice about the sale to be reason 10 days after at 200 Fifth Ave., New York City.
The Times called it “the most finish collection of Confederate banking which has been gift to collectors since the Chambers’ sale and contains countless varieties hitherto unpublished.… There are a vast array of watermarks which have never been gift before and a superb collection of annals sorted as to array and letters…” the comment continued.
According to CSA note consultant Pierre Fricke: “Indeed, perusing the catalog, one finds a vast collection of Confederate paper income and while not a finish form set, it goes good over that in most other regards. The catalog magnitude used any of the great 19th century works (Haseltine, Massamore, Thian, Lee, etc…) and essentially uses descriptions. Note, the Bradbeer book was not yet published.”(2)
Enter William West Bradbeer
Just as the transformation of great subterranean plates floating underneath the landscape we daily see, figure the topography of this creation lifting adult towering ranges and plunging regions subsequent sea level, scattered occurrences can file the landscape of our hobbies too when generational events occur. The universe of CSA banking collecting gifted just such an momentous eventuality shortly before the Great War for Civilization.
Soon the whole universe of CSA banking collecting would change on its pivot with the announcement of William West Bradbeer’s $3 book, an eventuality foreshadowed years before it seemed in imitation when George H. Blake leaked word of it in early 1911.(3) Bradbeer (1855-1927) authored several articles on Confederate and Southern States annals in The Numismatist in 1911 and 1913 respectively.(4) In Feb 1914 he gave an “Interesting Lecture on Confederate Paper Money” at the New York Numismatic Club.(5)
After the business portion of the assembly had been conducted, including resolutions of magnetism over the genocide of Chicago play Ben Green, the bar shelved to the Park Avenue Hotel for a party and Bradbeer’s lecture. Club secretary Moritz Wormser annals the following in the club’s minutes: “Mr. W.W. Bradbeer gave an intensely interesting harangue on Confederate Paper Currency. The harangue was illustrated by some forty or fifty lantern slides which showed some unequivocally singular paper issues of the Confederacy and gave the assembly a great bargain of chronological information in tie with the theme with which they had been wholly unfamiliar.”(6)
The cost of Bradbeer’s illustrated harangue was underwritten by distinguished play Lyman Low. Low, it will be remembered by readers of this series, had been the force behind the successful Scott Stamp ?Coin Co. CSA catalogs decades earlier. A news on the festivities appears in the Mar 1914 emanate of the ANA monthly. The evident outcome of Bradbeer’s speak was to inspire other collectors to display their Confederate treasures. At its Jun 12 assembly F.C.C. Boyd exhibited “Eight opposite essays for Confederate annals (backs) of five, ten, 20 dollars, prisoner on blockade,” as good as other Confederate material.(7)
In 1915 on the 50th anniversary of the war’s end, Bradbeer’s opus seemed underneath the pretension Confederate and Southern State Currency: Historical and Financial Data, Biographical Sketches, Descriptions with Illustrations, Mt. Vernon, N.Y.: secretly printed by the author, 165 N. Fulton Avenue, 1915, 162 pages with halftone illustrations within the text.(8) “Confederate and Southern State banking is the outline of Civil War history,” Bradbeer wrote. “The banking of the South reflects the expansive wish and complete despondency of a people who staked their all and lost.” Bradbeer anchors his investigate in the CSA banking legislation, as good as customary works by Jefferson Davis, Memminger’s biographer Henry D. Capers and the memoirs of his Davis’ mother Varina.
He offers a great bargain of chronological information, as good as accumulation rarities. The book is also apparently formed in part on the early minute work achieved by Thian. Bradbeer numbered the Confederate array by accumulation using from the Montgomery $1,000 by the Jefferson Davis 50-center of 1864, a sum of 579 issues. Experts news that “Mr. Bradbeer was employed by (New York City dealer) Rud. (Rudolf) Kohler (at 70 Fifth Ave.) for years and to the biggest border it was the collection of Kohler that gave Mr. Bradbeer his information.”(9) When Bradbeer’s book came out, Kohler donated a duplicate of it to the Virginia State Library.(10)
The book was announced in the Aug 1915 emanate of The Numismatist.
Among the sum to be gleaned from Bradbeer: he rightly identified the Montgomery $500 as being rather rarer than the messenger Montgomery $1,000 value. Additional rarities identified by Bradbeer enclosed the 1861 Richmond blunder $100 with “For Treas’r” printed twice (only 300 issued, #s 3726-4026), and his #s 95-98 1861 $50 Jeff Davis (239 released sealed by Ellet Keesse), which he characterizes as “the rarest of the Confederacy.” Apparently it was Bradbeer who initial dubbed the lass “Indian Princess” on the famous type. Bradbeer gives the array of Indian Princess annals released as 7,160.(11) He also rightly identifies the blunder on the Blanton Duncan printed deuce note antiquated Sept. 2, 1861. “No Confederate note reduction than $5 was certified in 1861…this form is dated…through an error.”
He labels the Sept. 2, 1862 R.M.T. Hunter $10 and $20 annals with Keatings (sic) impress “essai notes,” and ascribes a monument 7 to them (rarer than Montgomery $50 and $100 types). Some of the varieties listed by Bradbeer do not exist, and he misidentified John Elliott Ward as E.C. Elmore on the 1861 $10, and Lucy Pickens as Varina (Mrs. Jefferson) Davis on the 1862-64 $100 annals (duplicating an blunder that also appears in the works of Lee, Haseltine, Massamore and Thian).
This stability blunder is formidable to know as Ms. Pickens lived until Aug. 8, 1899, yet was so unknowing of Confederate banking collecting, that she never stepped brazen to plea the exercise of her mis-identifications.
Nevertheless, Bradbeer’s work elicited high praise, was widely disseminated and used by hobbyists. Interestingly Bradbeer’s marker of Elmore sought to redress the 50-year blunder that identified the mural as being Williamson Oldham and had been supposed by “all historians, collectors, and dealers in Confederate money, before to 1915.”(12) Despite its warts, collector/cataloger Philip Chase called it: ”undoubtedly the most extensive and minute register of Confederate banking adult to that time.… His register has been followed by many of the specialists and deserves great credit for the inclusion of fact information on watermarks, and generally accurate information on the class of monument of any variety.”
Bradbeer also enclosed a catalog of Southern States banking in the same format as the Confederate banking section. Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia were represented. Bradbeer enclosed state annals from during the Civil War and a few from the Reconstruction period. These, too, were orderly by Act and printer with any state carrying its own array process from 1 to n. Bradbeer used the same monument scale in this section, a relations monument scale with no extensive race estimates from 1 by 9 for the rarest.
Bradbeer’s book was transformative. The book immediately seemed in dealer’s ads. By the Mar 1916 emanate of The Numismatist no fewer than 3 dealers would sell you one. The publication’s editor Frank Duffield made steady mentions of the emanate in CSA issues and the significance of a numismatic searchlight such as Bradbeer’s book in his editorial columns in the magazine. Typical is this recommendation, “The new announcement of the downright gathering of the array of Confederate Government notes, with those of the Southern States spoken during the war, by Mr. W. W. Bradbeer, has been good received, and should be followed by identical works on other groups of the subject.”(13) A year after Bradbeer’s book was published “The Confederate Bill [is] still in the Limelight,” he wrote.(14) The hyping continued. Several months later, he labeled the materialisation “Persistent Push and Pitiless Publicity.”(15)
The accepting to Bradbeer’s book was overwhelmingly positive. Venerable Philadelphia play Henry Chapman called it “splendid.” Numismatist editor Duffield said it remedied a crying need for the collector, since the Scott catalog published dual decades progressing “is the only beam collectors of paper income have generally had.” Syracuse play A. Atlas Leve likely this “elegant” book would lead to a plenitude of new institutional CSA note collections in libraries grand and small. In 1915 David Proskey was gift an eight-piece description set (presumably 1864s) for a buck. He also sole the “small size” 1864 $100 Confederate note (Bradbeer-491) in “perfect” for a tiny 50 cents. To drum adult business for the note, he exhibited one at the Aug. 13, 1915, assembly of the New York Numismatic Club. The princely New York play Tom Elder called pleasantness to the impact Bradbeer’s book had had on the marketplace. “The Confederate array also is looking up, due mostly to the labors of Mr. W.W. Bradbeer in arising his excellent book on those issues.”(16)
Almost immediately the Bulletin of the Virginia State Library permitted Bradbeer’s work as “the best book on the subject.”(17) Confederate banking researcher and author W.D. Allen rightly likely that Bradbeer’s opus “will be [the] customary management for years.”(18) One of the element CSA banking dealers of the period, Luther B. Tuthill, of South Creek, N.C. was a big fan of Bradbeer’s book, which he sole for $3.50. Tuthill, it will be remembered had addressed the ANA gathering on the theme of CSA book annals dual decades earlier. In the mid-teens he was still a big fan of the series.
“We all have our hobbies” was Tuthill’s motto. In the November, 1915 emanate of The Numismatist he advertised 21 Montgomery annals for sale. He called them all “beauties” and labelled the $500s at $55, the C-notes at 8.50 and the $50s at $7.50. According to the dealer, “I have 4 of the first, 6 of the second, and eleven of the third — the best and largest lot we have ever owned at a time or pattern to have again.” Tuthill was so certain of his annals that he gift to send them on approval. “Do not subtract with order. They may be sold,” he added.(19)
Bradbeer’s anxiety also well-served historians of the following generations, utterly important were Dr. E. Merton Coulter, Dr. Richard Cecil Todd and Dr. Douglas Ball, and other catalogers, including play Grover Criswell who “borrowed” from Bradbeer liberally.(20) As important as Bradbeer was to the expansion and expansion of Confederate Currency collecting, his feat was shortly overshadowed by the staggering investigate of H.D. Allen, whose seminal work and name are unfortunately almost lost today.(21) The margin found a orator in the chairman of a self-professed Boston, Massachusetts “Confederate Money Historian.”(22)
H.D. Allen, Forgotten CSA Money Historian
The U.S. Treasury’s CSA paper income gifts described final month had intensely felicitous effects. Encountering a biography content antiquated Aug. 13, 1912, “stating that the United States supervision had on palm a vast volume of Confederate income which ‘came into the possession of the Union army at the tighten of the war,’ and that rather than destroy it a preference of such annals would be sent to any open library which would determine to safety and display it as a chronological vaunt illustrating an date in the story of this country,” Allen sent the letter to his niece, a tiny city librarian in the Boston bedroom communities of Shirley and Brookline.
The niece followed Allen’s idea and sent in a ask for some of these notes. “In due march of time the bills arrived. After being reason by the curators for a year or two, they were sent to me [Allen] with a ask to have them framed. There were fourteen annals in all and in a bad state of preservation. Some were destroyed on the edges by fire, some had vast holes punched in them (cancellation evidence), and most of them were so ragged as to be unequivocally non-professional to exhibit.”
“Up to this time we had never seen a Confederate note,” Allen continued. “As shortly as we began to investigate them we confident that there must be many some-more bills of the several issues. Then we recognised the idea of gathering a good collection, carrying it framed underneath glass, and fixation underneath any check a typewritten letter covering all of chronological seductiveness that we could discover, partly as a denote for Southern libraries to follow,” he added.(23)
What followed was a hectic yearlong investigate plan to lane down the chronological qualifications of all the CSA bills he could discover. Then for the subsequent several years, Boston Numismatic Society member Allen would report and illustrate the array while stability his investigate from the distinguished height of the inhabitant association’s journal, The Numismatist, in a demeanour no one before nor since has done. Allen’s discoveries were game-changing to the collection, investigate and bargain of the Confederate series.
Allen did not rest on before gourmet works. He did his own primary research, often soliciting information in the Confederate Veteran and elsewhere. In some instances he even paid income for leads. After several rough CSA articles, his staggering array “Paper Money of the Confederate States” per se began in June, 1917, and followed monthly to Feb 1919. It would be formidable to exaggerate the significance of a extensive array of articles on Confederate banking published in the nation’s premier numismatic hobby announcement of that era, The Numismatist, during the universe fight period. Month after month Allen kick the drum for the CSA series, and he would sell you annals too. A extended operation of additional collectors was unprotected to the Confederate array by the 88 excellent chronological and minute articles created by Allen.
From his erudition, it is reasonable to infer that Allen was good prepared and capable in Greco-Roman mythology, as good as Holy Scripture. He regularly references both traditions in his explanations of banking designs. The author was also unequivocally conversant with artistic and chronological research, and collected photographs and other equipment relating to Confederate currency. Allen also had a good laxity with damaged bank and archaic annals from an progressing date as he points out countless qualifications for pattern similarities between the CSA annals and these progressing 19th century currencies.
These articles were a buttress of Vols. 30-32 of the ANA monthly. He commenced with the Montgomery $50 and continued by the 1864 Stonewall Jackson $500, with additional articles on the $10 essai and the chemicographic backs. This array presents profitable information on the vignettes appearing on the CSA notes, and unequivocally minute strange investigate by the author.
Especially important are Allen’s discussions of the $20 Female Riding Deer note, the Chemicograph backs, and his editing the marker of Lucy Pickens (whom Bradbeer had misidentified as Mrs. Jefferson [Varina] Davis) on the $100 notes. Allen’s investigate was consummate and comprehensive. He provides information on numbers of annals released and wholesome descriptions of varieties. The Numismatist editor Duffield named him “the male with the numismatic searchlight.”(24)
Allen spent dual years to settle the true temperament of John Elliot Ward on the 1861 $10 note and redress an blunder in the Bradbeer and progressing listings. In the Jan 1917 emanate of The Numismatist Duffield “was pleased to say that after going wrong for fifty years, the outcome of this hunt has made the most interesting single-item grant to the whole story of Confederate money.” Allen also spent dual years perplexing to locate an strange mural to endorse the temperament of Lucy Pickens on the Jun 2, 1862 $2 bill, editing the works of Lee, Thian, Haseltine, Massamore, Scott, and others, who had supposed from the commencement date the misidentification of Mrs. Jefferson Davis.
Allen also debunks the marker of the child on the Sept. 2, 1861 note that also bears a mural of R.M.T. Hunter. Prior writers had described the child as being that of Blanton Duncan, one of the CSA note printers. Allen ascribes the kid to Keatinge and Ball, who engraved this check and would not have placed on it the association of a child of one of their competitors. Allen’s Segment No. 73 serve corrects the chronological record by rightly identifying the Apr 6, 1863 $10 note executive vignette as depicting the South Carolina state capitol at Columbia. To that time the building had been zodiacally supposed as the Capitol at Montgomery, Ala. Allen credits W.A. Clark of Columbia, “who besides being an unrelenting collector, has one of the largest collections of Confederate income in the United States,” for environment him and the chronological record true on this matter.(25)
As might be approaching the accepting to Allen’s extended array was electric. Numismatic organizations such as the New York Numismatic Club, the Rochester Numismatic Association, and the Boston Numismatic Society contributed supports to finance announcement of the array in the ANA journal. Prices advanced.(26) At Lyman Low’s 194th sale in New York City May 22, 1918, a Montgomery $1,000 in “fine, slight wear” brought $32.50. Luther Tuthill started seeking $57 for his ideal Montgomery $500s now, and he modernized his tip moody $50s and $100s to $9.50 each. With any installment of Allen’s series, Tuthill would be certain to offer the same bills in his ads. For the pledge Kansas City (later Salt Lake City) play Norm Shultz gift an eight-denomination (50 cents to $100) form set for 55 cents.
Duffield had his finger on the beat of the hobby as common when he donned his other shawl as the publication’s business manager and cajoled advertisers: “Dealers in Confederate paper income will have many requests for prices, etc., of these annals in the subsequent few months from a new category of buyers. An announcement in these pages will strech these buyers and move substantial new business.” For their part, the ANA advertised in the Confederate Veteran magazine.
At its 1917 annual gathering in Rochester, N.Y. the ANA Committee on Resolutions voted “Especial interjection are due to Mr. H.D. Allen, by whose efforts the members of this Association are being supposing with an illustrated story of the Confederate paper money.” North Carolina play Luther Tuthill was certain a believer. One of Tuthill’s ads read: “Mr. Allen’s Historical Papers on Confederate Treasury Notes are interesting and are making new collectors.” Meanwhile A. Atlas Leve noted: “My good crony H.D. Allen of Boston is doing Great Work in Confederate Numismatic Lore…and now is the time to start a collection of Confederate Paper Money.” In Sep 1918, Leve gift a “perfect” $500 Montgomery for $85. Readers, too, flooded the announcement with appreciation for the series.
Duffield heralded the tighten of Allen’s array in the ANA journal’s Feb 1919 issue. He also took out a residence ad in the announcement in 1919: “All behind numbers of The Numismatist containing Mr. H.D. Allen’s articles on the paper income of the Confederate States, commencement with Jun 1917 can be performed at 15¢ a copy.” Readers applauded. Allen did an encore in the Apr 1919 issue, letter about Confederate Treasurer Edward C. Elmore. In May Duffield unhappy some members when he announced there would be no reprint of Allen’s Confederate paper income articles.(27) The organisation also lifted the cost on behind issues to lift additional funds, and commencement in Nov ran a $5 special (the cost had formerly been $2.85) on the 21 issues containing Allen’s array correct (July 1917-February 1919), “while the supply lasts” postpaid.(28)
In 1919-1920 Allen advertised in The Numismatist “Broken Bank Bills Wanted. we am gathering numismatic exhibits of damaged bank bills for several open libraries and chronological societies. Send anything you have on approval.” Allen described one such display he built for a summer hotel in Camden, Maine. The hotel proprietor’s name was Elmore, nonetheless not associated to the CSA Treasurer. In a support 2 1/2 by 3 1/2 he mounted a great many Confederate bills with descriptions.
“Many automobile tourists stopped at the hotel,” Allen said, “and we had the time of my life sitting in the run and hearing them examining the essence of the frame.”(29) It seemed everybody was on the Confederate bus. Allen’s collection was sole by Boston play William Hesslein, sale No. 134, Nov. 22-23, 1929.
Not All Treasury Gifts Were of the Official Variety
This columnist has created extensively on the so-called “Richmond Hoard,” that enclosed redeemed and mostly canceled CSA paper income issues prisoner by sovereign soldiers on the tumble of Richmond, Va. in Apr 1865. Those annals were creatively underneath the watch of the Army’s Adjutant General’s office, and secretly its arch clerk Raphael P. Thian, who mined that apparatus for his seminal works on this topic. That store is now underneath the assign of the National Numismatic Collection Senior Curator Dr. Richard Doty, who has curated the material, published extensively on its contents, and been a crony and great apparatus to this mainstay over the years.
More will be created on the sovereign government’s Rebel book in entrance chapters, but final month’s mainstay about the deaccessions of federally-controlled insurgent annals by the U.S. Treasury Department before to World War we jogged this writer’s memory on an active association transacted some months ago, which orderly dovetails with events now underneath discussion.
Just before to Christmas 2011, we perceived an email forwarded by Texas play Col. Crutchfield Williams. The exploration had come from philatelist Kevin Lowther, who had acquired a cover (shown here, pleasantness of Kevin) that intrigued him. (30) Philatelic play Trish [Patricia A.] Kaufmann had suggested to Lowther that he hit Crutch to learn some-more about the cover for a probable story for The American Stamp Dealer Collector magazine.
As can be seen, the purebred cover had been sent by Thos. H. Ridgate in a U.S. Treasury Department chastisement pouch to Judge Samuel M. Wilson, Lexington, Ky. with a lapse receipt requested. Someone had additionally created “Confederate Money / Valuable” on the face of the cover in pencil. (Note, the cover’s owners reads the outline rather differently from the benefaction writer.)
According to Lowther’s research, “The purebred pouch was mailed in 1915 by Thomas H. Ridgate, a comparison clerk at the U. S. Treasury, to Judge Samuel M. Wilson, an contention and pledge historian in Lexington. Someone, presumably Judge Wilson, has scrawled on the face of the cover “Confed note income Valuable.” This presumably suggests that Ridgate, who had famous Wilson for several years, had enclosed Confederate currency, which had some value as collectibles.
“My investigate has dynamic so distant that the Curator of the Treasury has no information per either the U.S. Government would have been holding, in the early 1900s, vast amounts of confiscated Confederate currency,” the philatelist continued. “This discounts the probability that Ridgate was sensitively promulgation samples, from Treasury holdings, to Wilson. The most apparent end is that Ridgate and Wilson were both collectors of Confederate banking and maybe exchanged personal element from time to time. But the apparent end is not always the right one.”
So, the gourmet wanted to know several things: (1) Did the U.S. Treasury, in fact, reason Confederate banking at any time? And if so, why and until when? (2) Since the 50th anniversary years of the Civil War were circuitous down in 1915. Had there been renewed gourmet seductiveness in Confederate banking in this period? (3) What can we say generally about the collectibility and marketplace value of Confederate banking circa 1915?
He added, “The chastisement pouch used by Ridgate refers in the top left dilemma to the Division of Loans and Currency. Ridgate may have been the comparison clerk in the bureau doing this department. This tends to underscore Ridgate’s seductiveness in banking notes.”(31)
Naturally, Williams supposing Mr. Lowther good answers to his several questions, and readers of this mainstay would have identical information, but of march this column’s care of these topics would be many months in the destiny as we were then deliberating Thian’s contributions, and collecting CSA paper income by the late 19th century in issues adult to Jun 2012. (See Parts 73-84) This contention thread was then damaged in Jul 2012 by 10 uninterrupted columns on the miserable coming of the sovereign government’s Postage Currency, and other northern fractional income expedients, including scrip and postage stamp envelopes. (See Parts 85-94)
However, we also granted Lowther information relating to his inquiries. In brief, we wrote him: “I have finished a good bit of investigate on the supervision land of CSA Treasury Notes, but your minute and exploration is a new wrinkle. Both the U.S. Treasury and the U.S. Department of War reason vast quantities of CSA Treasury Notes for some-more than 50 years following the Civil War.
“Notes in the Treasury store were confiscated via the war. They were used irregularly to purchase cattle for the sovereign armies in the west, and sent to Union POWs for use as subterfuge.… Notes in the War Department store were prisoner following the tumble of Richmond. They were loosely underneath the Adjutant General’s Department, little valued, and during the duration c. 1875-c. 1908 were employed in the investigate of Chief AG clerk Raphael P. Thian. Thian and others also sole or differently disbursed annals from the store to third parties mostly by fiat.
“Circa 1912-1913 the U.S. Treasury did indeed send quantities of CSA annals to the forms of organizations and institutions that Crutch wrote you about, libraries, chronological societies, GAR posts, etc. I date this dispersals to c. 1912-1913 because those are the dates on spread letters that we have seen. Sometime in the 1910s the dual hoards were coalesced, according to “shop lore” within the Smithsonian Institution.
“In 1920 a vast quantity, reported at $60 million face, warehoused at the U.S. Treasury was burnt to make room for other storage. The former-War Department Hoard has come down to the present, by the National Archives to now in the control of the Smithsonian Institution.”(32)
The gourmet responded immediately. “Thanks for this unusual information. Along with Crutch’s contributions, it strongly suggests that Ridgate would have had entrance to Confederate banking from U.S. Treasury holdings. The question stays why, when he sent some annals to Judge Wilson in Kentucky, he sent them in an unaccepted capacity, despite in a Treasury chastisement envelope. The date, by the way, was May 11, 1915.”
“Judge Wilson was utterly a distinguished figure in Kentucky,” Lowther continued. He also deliberate himself a critical internal historian. Your information suggests that he might have requested Ridgate, whom he had famous for some years, to send him Confederate annals for the state chronological society, or some identical charity. we have been in hold with the chairman in assign of Wilson’s papers, at the University of Kentucky Library, and he cannot find any association or support that might explain what was going on. we shall try to smooth his seductiveness serve by pity with him what you and Crutch have upheld along.”(33) Postal historian Lowther was generally keen to know why “a Treasury central would mark the pouch personal and compensate the postage when he sent what apparently was a profitable (meaning collectible) volume of Confederate annals to a private citizen.” Curator Doty celebrated that if the sender “were of the free-and-easy persuasion, he unequivocally good might have just sent an unapproved collection out to a correspondent.”(34)
Several other exchanges among this spontaneous investigate organisation ensued. In one Lowther combined some-more sum on the envelope’s target Judge Wilson. “Judge Wilson was an active member of several state chronological societies in the segment —including Tennessee. It’s fathomable that the Confederate annals sent to him were to be common with some of those societies. Although he wrote and spoke frequently over the years on informal history, zero of his subjects dealt with the Confederacy per se. Nor is there any denote that he was a collector, nonetheless you might wish to check numismatic multitude membership lists.”(35)
The postal historian sent me a breeze of his interesting letter submitted to The American Stamp Dealer Collector the following March.(36) The envelope’s sender Thomas Howe Ridgate, then 68, “was from an old Tidewater Maryland family. He had spent most of his career at Treasury, where he appears to have reason a comparison position in the Division of Loans and Currency.”(37) Recipient Judge Samuel Mackay Wilson was “only 44 and a reputable jurist in Lexington.…[H]e was deeply meddlesome in internal history, about which he frequently spoke and wrote. He belonged to several state and informal chronological societies and had desirous plans—never fulfilled—to write vital works on the story of Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley.”(38)
They had been good friends for years. The strange of the Ridgate sketch shown here is hammered “Thomas Howe Ridgate… To my friend, Judge Samuel M. Wilson.” Author Lowther cites another such marker on a opposite sketch taken on the roof of the U.S. Treasury Building.
we don’t know if Kevin’s letter has been published, because unfortunately the email residence that we have for him has lapsed, and my new email to apprise him of what we had additionally schooled was undeliverable. Perhaps a reader, who is also a stamp collector, has seen it and can advise. However we have found out a little bit some-more about Ridgate that is value putting down on the record here. Ridgate (Sep. 9, 1846-Dec. 3, 1922) was innate in Washington, D.C. On Jan. 22, 1867, the U.S. Senate reliable him third vital in the Revenue Cutter Service.(39) He was a clerk in the Office of the Register of the Treasury making $1,400 per annum by Jul 1, 1883.(40) Two years after he was still at this post.(41) However, by 1887, he had eliminated to the Office of the Sixth auditor for the Post Office Department at the same salary. On Jul 1, 1893, he was making $1,600.(42) He is buried in Oakhill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
The envelope’s target Judge Samuel Mackay Wilson (Oct. 15, 1871-Oct. 10, 1946) was innate in Louisville, Ky. and died in St. Louis. He was the son of Samuel Ramsay Wilson and Mary Bell Wilson. He married Mary Shelby Wilson and is buried at Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Ky.(43) He attended Centre College in Danville, Ky. and Williams College in Williamstown, Mass. and was certified to the bar in 1895. Following use in France during World War I, he returned to Lexington, built adult a remunerative law use and became “a energy in internal and state Democratic Party domestic circles.” His necrology credited him with “65 meticulously researched articles and books.”(44)
Judge Wilson was unequivocally agreeably dignified for his antiquarian pursuits. “Judge Samuel Mackay Wilson, erudite counsel and historian,…exercised his literary talent in his omnivorous hunt for grant regarding to the lives of those Kentuckians who made the early destiny of the Commonwealth. In both his papers and book and documentary collections Judge Wilson created a abounding bequest for the future. None of Judge Wilson’s accomplishments, however, will continue in time so brilliantly as the pretentious collection of his books and manuscripts now in the Special Collections multiplication of the University of Kentucky Library.”(45)
To be continued…
A Personal Note
As always, we acquire feedback from BNR readers. We cover a lot of belligerent in this column, and it’s startling what sparks the seductiveness of individuals. Questions, comments, cheers or jeers are welcome. You can hit me by my personal website www.fredwritesright.com or by mail at P.O. Box 118162, Carrollton, TX 75011-8162. If you write and wish a reply, greatfully embody a self-addressed hammered envelope, but greatfully be wakeful that if your theme is of seductiveness generally it may be addressed in a destiny mainstay instead.
Excellent New Book Covers Montgomeries
The lapse to a contention of CSA note collecting as the concentration of this array is an portentous arise because it presents a healthy segue for my coop to move to readers’ pleasantness the recover of a smashing new book on this chronological array of paper money. The new book in question is unfailing most likely to turn a high H2O mark in the ongoing tale of Rebel note collecting in the future.
Every letter march instructor stresses that authors should write about what they know best, so it should come as no warn to Bank Note Reporter readers that South Carolina gourmet Wayne Hilton, who has been a special crony to this mainstay furnishing its author many important papers over the years and who has fabricated no fewer than 10 four-note condition census sets of high class CSA?Montgomery annals should have spun an amazing book on this high-valued, ancestral series.
Any new book on Confederate banking is a means for excitement. The coming of a great new book on this theme is means for joy. Collector-investor Jerry Wayne Hilton’s Collecting Confederate Currency Hobby or and Investment. Volume One: Criswell Types 1-4 “The Magnificent Montgomerys” is indeed such a book.
In it the author conveys his tour quantifying the investment lapse advantage (if any) enjoyed by a gourmet of high class Montgomerys vs. some-more normal investments. To consider his position the author spent approximately 14 years attempting to record every CSA Montgomery note sale at open auction since the Civil War.
Hilton then incited over his information to college highbrow and visit paper income author Dr. Steve Feller to consider lapse rates over the final 150 years. According to Hilton’s information and Feller’s calculations, an financier in the marketplace over the whole final 150 years would have benefited from purchases of CSA Montgomery annals compared to like investments in china bullion, barrels of oil, or corporate collection (represented by the SP Average).
The information and calculations exhibit dual graphic phases in investment expansion over the final century and a half: (1) by World War II; and (2) since mid-20th century. Rates of lapse for investments deliberate (including CSA Montgomery Notes) accelerated in the some-more new phase. Having confident his enterprise to quantify and sign his investment returns, financier Hilton proceeded to share his fun of collecting in the benefaction volume, the initial of several such books in which he skeleton to record the sales of the initial 38 Criswell CSA forms and the dual so-called “essays.”
We are gladdened to Wayne for importuning Chet Krause and Clarence Criswell to remember their own shining excursions into this field. By prevalent on them to exhibit dark nuggets from personal experience, Wayne succeeded in coaxing them onto the chronological record for readers not yet innate to enjoy. Their essays are tiny gems.
Hilton also provides an interesting comment of his own introduction to CSA banking collecting by his brother, and his credentials in media and advertising.
Following these unequivocally beguiling preliminaries, Chapter 1 offers Hilton’s reasoned but rarely selective, illustrated timeline of a century and a half of collecting CSA paper income that is unequivocally interesting and his character pleasing. He includes many “firsts,” which the benefaction reviewer also regards as hallmarks of this saga, but ignores – it must be certified – other some-more important events during that time.
Chapter 2 provides a brief outline of numismatic auction story formed on his first-hand, severe hearing of thousands of auction catalogs. ?However, the gem of this section is his quantifying monument of several CSA form annals formed on magnitude of auction appearances. Chapter 3, co-authored by reputable researcher, play Crutch Williams provides a rarely suppositional comment of Montgomery note duplicate in the North early in 1861.
In Chapter 4 statistician Feller explains his process of lapse rate calculations presented in the volume.
The beef of the book is Chapters 5-8, which fact all Montgomery note auction appearances Hilton could learn in some 30,000 or so numismatic auctions in the final 150 years. The author’s investigate is to be commended. His minute listings and illustrations of the 4 Montgomery note forms yield eye candy and plain chronological information most appreciated by collectors and researchers in this field.
Quality printing, binding, paper and coupler (art by John W. Jones) enrich the work. However, this book is not perfect, nor should one pattern the brainchild of an auteur to be so as a self-published work. This book would have been most stronger for me if the author had skipped Chapter 3 altogether. The book could be softened by an editor. It also begs a condition census, using heads, and index.
However, its most critical unwell is the author’s negligence of the accomplishments of Confederate banking author Pierre Fricke in the final decade. His contributions to the story of CSA note collecting are wholly released from the contention solely obliquely referenced in a singular instance as “contemporary author” or something of the kind with courtesy to a Stack’s register of the ruins of the John Browne collection in 1969.
Given its great strengths, however, we rarely suggest this book and demeanour brazen to the additional tomes. It will be interesting to see what Hilton does for an encore. The subsidized cost is medium $49.95 (offset by ad revenue) and $5 postage handling. Mail checks to J. Wayne Hilton, P.O. Box 1, Graniteville, SC 29829-0001. Mention either an designation is desired; we did.
1. “Auction Catalogs Collection Finding Aid: Manuscripts and Special Collections, New York State Library, http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/msscfa/qc16542.htm.
2. Pierre Fricke and Fred Reed, History of Collecting Confederate States of America Paper Money, Volume 1, 1865-1945, secretly printed, 2012, p. 205.
3. “In this array of The Numismatist will be found an letter on Confederate Currency by Mr. W.W. Bradbeer, who is good famous as a gourmet and one of the inaugural students of Confederate paper money. Mr. Bradbeer is now intent in scheming a book on this theme and will tell it in the nearby future. It will enclose information of new and important discoveries which he has made, and will be a profitable anxiety work for collectors, as good as interesting reading for the ubiquitous public. Before edition his book, Bradbeer has consented to write several articles for The Numismatist on topics relating to Confederate issues of holds and paper money, and we feel that our readers will be cordial as good as entertained by the examination of these articles.” “A New Work to be Published,” The Numismatist, May 1911, p. 173. This author has been incompetent to find a design of Bradbeer, a numismatic wish second only – in this writer’s opinion – to not anticipating a design of W. Elliott Woodward.
4. W.W. Bradbeer, “Some Rare Confederate Currency,” The Numismatist, November, 1911, p. 411; W.W. Bradbeer, “Southern State Currency,” The Numismatist, February, 1913, p. 72. Remarkably unequivocally little is known, and substantially zero has once been published in numismatic novel about William West Bradbeer aside from sum relating to his conspicuous book on Rebel currency. He was innate Jun 22, 1855, in Cobourg, Ontario, Canada to English immigrants John Bradbeer (1809-1879) and Bessie Dale (1816-1890). Bradbeer came to the United States c. 1875, and went west to Kansas City, Mo. before 1888. He is listed in the 1889 Kansas City Directory. He married Lydia Jane “Jennie” Corbett (also b. 1855) in 1887, and the integrate had 3 children. Bradbeer became a naturalized U.S. citizen Oct. 15, 1888, in Jackson County, Mo. (probably Kansas City or Independence, Mo.). Bradbeer resided in Mount Vernon, N.Y. before Jan 1900, when he was a owners of the community’s Commercial Travelers Club, according to a internal biography account. He was employed as the New York manager of M.H. Birge Sons Co., a wallpaper association headquartered in Buffalo, NY; Trow’s Copartnership Directory, 1901. Bradbeer was accorded membership in the American Numismatic Society on Apr 14, 1905. In the 1910 U.S. census, Bradbeer listed his contention as “Commercial Traveler” (i.e., salesman) traffic in wallpaper. On Nov. 3, 1914, Bradbeer ran for the New York State Assembly from Westchester County’s Second District. He finished fourth in the race on the Progressive Ticket; The New York Red Book, 1915, p. 725. Within a year of the announcement of his book, Bradbeer moved to 113 Milne Street, Cranford, N.J., and shortly afterward donated “some excellent examples of Confederate money” to the Essex Institute; Annual Report of the Essex Institute for the Year Ending May 5, 1919, Salem, MA: printed for the institute, 1919, p. 15.) Bradbeer’s other publications are mostly unheralded by collectors today. In Jul 1919 the North Carolina Society of Daughters of the American Revolution published The North Carolina Booklet, vol. XIX nos. 1-2, co-authored by Bradbeer and 5 other contributors. His grant was an remove on North Carolina state banking from his book Confederate and Southern State Currency. It comprises pps. 36-46 of the booklet, and is accessible online at http://tinyurl.com/cpzp4nk In 1921 a internal newspaper, the Cranford Citizen and Chronicle, serialized Bradbeer’s comment of New Jersey’s colonial and state paper money, “New Jersey Paper Currency, 1709-1786.” The initial installment seemed in the Sept. 22 issue. In Jan 1923, the New Jersey Historical Society reprinted Bradbeer’s New Jersey paper income essay, which is still accessible now as an electronic download from amazon.com or digitalantiquaria.com. He died in Chicago on Jun 20, 1927. “William West Bradbeer,” ancestry.com; A ancestral story of the Rehoboth bend of the Carpenter family in America, brought down from their English ancestor, John Carpenter, 1303, with many biographical annals of descendants and associated families, p. 50; “Formal Opening [of the] Commercial Travelers Club,” Mount Vernon Daily Argus, Jan 19, 1900, p. 1; “The American Numismatic and Archaeological Society,” The Numismatic Circular, vol. 13 (July 1905), p. 8473; 1910 United States Federal Census; H.D. Allen, “Confederacy Borrows Design for Note,” The Numismatist, Aug 1916, p. 346; William W. Bradbeer, “New Jersey Paper Currency, 1709-1786” Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society, vol. VIII New Series no. 1 (January 1923).
5. “New York Numismatic Club,” The Numismatist, Feb 1914, p. 75; “Interesting Lecture on Confederate Paper Money,” The Numismatist, Feb 1914, p. 77. This assembly occurred Feb 13, 1914, at which Bradbeer – a guest – practical for membership in the club. Op cit., p. 131, 132, 133. Bradbeer was inaugurated to the classification the following month, The Numismatist, Apr 1914, p. 205, 206.
6. Wormser’s comment continued: “Mr. Bradbeer gave generally interesting and profitable information in courtesy to the early issues; the laws upheld on the theme by the several States, and the Congress of the Confederacy; the duplicate of notes; and the allegories and cinema represented on the notes; and on the strange sum volume of paper income so issued.” He continued, “Altogether, the harangue supposing one of the most interesting evenings spent by the New York Numismatic Club, and great appreciation was generally voiced for Mr. Low’s and Mr. Bradbeer’s efforts in providing such a successful meeting.” op cit., p. 133.
7. The Numismatist, September, 1914, p. 450; John N. Lupia, “Boyd, Frederick Charles Cogswell,” Encyclopedic Dictionary of Numismatic Biographies, https://sites.google.com/site/numismaticmallcom/encyclopedic-dictionary-of-numismatic-biographies/boyd-frederick-charles-cogswell.
8. W.W. Bradbeer, 165 N. Fulton Ave., Mount Vernon, N.Y. is listed as a “Publisher” in Sarah B. Ball, and John Cotton Dana, 1600 Business Books; Arranged by Authors, By Titles and By Subjects, New York City: H.W. Wilson Co., 1917, p. 221.
9. These quoted difference (less the clarifying insertions) are from a hand-annotation in Virgil Brand’s duplicate of the Bradbeer book, according to benefaction owners J. Wayne Hilton; books.google.com lists a catalog by Kohler on Catalog of Confederate Currency, Southern States and Other Notes, not seen.
10. Report of the Virginia State Library, vol. 12, 1914-1915, p. 29.
11. Bradbeer no. 271, Bradbeer, Confederate and Southern State Currency, p. 73.
12. Bradbeer, Confederate and Southern State Currency, p. 193.
13. Frank Duffield, “Editorial,” The Numismatist, Feb 1916, p. 65.
14. Frank Duffield, “Editorial: The Confederate Bill Still in the Limelight,” The Numismatist, Sep 1916, p. 406.
15. Frank Duffield, “Editorial: Persistent Push and Pitiless Publicity,” The Numismatist, Jan 1917, p. 26.
16. Thomas L. Elder, “Collecting: With Special Reference to Coins, Medals and Paper Money,” The Numismatist, Dec 1916, p. 541.
17. “A Bibliography of Virginia, Part 1,” Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, vol. 8 no. 2 (April 1915), p. 87.
18. H.D. Allen, “Confederacy Borrows Design for Note,” The Numismatist, August, 1916, p. 346. Bradbeer’s work was in such direct and in such brief supply that it was reprinted twice: in 1945 by Ruth/C.E. Green and in 1956 by Aubrey Bebee, a fact so paragon that new author Jerry Wayne Hilton concurred these rare hobby events in his excellent Collecting Confederate Currency Hobby or and Investment. Volume One: Criswell Types 1-4 ‘The Magnificent Montgomerys’ (see supra) as the “First Hard-Bound Reprint of a Major Confederate Currency Publication” (p. 68), and the “First Reprint of a Reprint of a Major Confederate Currency Publication” (p. 80). Of course, as we know from progressing chapters of this benefaction series, the initial reprint of a vital CSA paper income announcement was likely the famous soothing cover reprint of John Haseltine’s soothing cover Rebel note catalog by parties different at an capricious time. A print-on-demand complicated reprint of the work is widely accessible online today. In another way, the law of Allen’s prophecy is interestingly borne out by Texas Confederate paper income researcher and play W. Crutchfield Williams, who confided, “I still use B#s (Bradbeer) instead of Cr#s (Criswell) when we list annals for sale.” Crutch Williams to Kevin Lowther, Dec. 22, 2011. Still the ubiquitous miss of recognition of Allen’s work among collectors now was lamented recently by editor Wayne Homren of the bibliomaniac newsletter E-Sylum. “[I]t’s a contrition his great work was not published as a apart book behind in his day,” Homren wrote, “he would substantially be most improved famous among numismatists today.” Wayne Homren, “H.D. Allen’s Confederate Currency Research,” E-Sylum, Oct. 28, 2012. Blame it on the American Numismatic Association, which scotched gourmet requests for a reprint of the collected articles at the series’ end. ANA was some-more meddlesome in offered behind issues of its journal. You can review that story too in the Fricke-Reed book, amplified in the paragraphs above. Allen for his own part, however, also published some of his commentary outward the numismatic community. His “A Mystery of the South,” in the Confederate Veteran recounted his Oldham-Elmore research; H.D. Allen, “A Mystery of the South,” Confederate Veteran, Jul 1916, pp. 330-331.
19. Luther Tuthill, “We All Have Our Hobbies,” The Numismatist, Nov and Dec 1915.
20. See Fred L. Reed III, “The Richest Man in Confederate Money,” Coins magazine, Nov 2009.
21. H.D. Allen’s contributions to the story of CSA note collecting were rather redeemed by the book the benefaction author co-wrote with Pierre Fricke, History of Collecting Confederate States of America Paper Money, Volume 1, 1865-1945 published final year. We clinging 7 pages to his important discoveries, investigate and the sale of his collection by William Hesslein. Additionally the book showed ads that Allen placed in periodicals gift rewards for distinct information, and told how he put together displays of Confederate and archaic annals for open blurb display.
22. H.D. Allen, “A Mystery of the South,” Confederate Veteran, Jul 1916, p. 330.
23. ibid.; H.D. Allen, “Broken Bank Bills Wanted,” The Numismatist, Jan 1920, p. 42.
24. Frank Duffield, “Man With the Numismatic Searchlight,” The Numismatist, Feb 1917, p. 59.
25. Also, the author commended his contributor: “Mr. Clark has evinced sharp-witted seductiveness in my work on the story of Confederate income and has now himself made a important grant to it, for which he deserves the interjection of collectors,” Allen wrote. H.D. Allen, “The $10.000 Bill of Apr 6th, 1863,” The Numismatist, Sep 1918, p. 366.
26. According to a customary anxiety work of the era, “in 1917 some one with an accumulation [of CSA notes] sole them on the streets of downtown New York at 5 cents a bill.” “Confederate Paper Money,” The Encyclopedia Americana, vol. 19, New York Chicago: Encyclopedia Americana Corp., 1919, p. 353.
27. Frank Duffield, “No Reprints of Confederate Paper Money Articles,” The Numismatist, May 1919, p. 203.
28. Duffield, “No Reprints . . .”, p. 203; Frank Duffield, “Price of Back Numbers of The Numismatist to be Increased,” The Numismatist, Nov 1919, p. 451.
29. Notes on Confederate Paper Money,” The Numismatist, November, 1919, p. 459.
30. “I bought this cover recently, by the way, at a internal Springfield, VA stamp show. It was one of those extraordinary equipment which, like the puppy in the window, almost begged to be taken home.” Kevin Lowther to the author, Dec.. 22, 2011.
31. Kevin Lowther to Crutch Williams and others, Dec. 22, 2011.
32. Fred Reed to Kevin Lowther, Dec. 22, 2011.
33. Kevin Lowther to the author, Dec. 22, 2011.
34. Kevin Lowther to Richard Doty, Jan. 9, 2012; Richard Doty to Kevin Lowther, Jan. 9, 2012.
35. Kevin Lowther to the author, Jan. 30, 2012.
36. Kevin Lowther to the author Mar 12, 2012.
37. Kevin Lowther, “Good, Hard Confederate Cash” draft.
38. Ibid; Wilson and associate contention Temple Bodley of Louisville published the two-volume History of Kentucky, the Bluegrass State in 1927-8; Temple Bodley and Samuel M. Wilson, History of Kentucky, the Bluegrass State, Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1927-8. According to worldcat Bodley was the primary author of the initial volume and Wilson of the second volume.
39. “Confirmations by the Senate,” New York Times, Jan. 23, 1867.
40. United States Civil Service Commission, Official Register of the United States, vol. 1, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1883, p. 84.
41. United States Civil Service Commission, Official Register of the United States, vol. 1, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1885, p. 83.
42. United States Civil Service Commission, Official Register of the United States, vol. 1, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887, p. 14; United States Civil Service Commission, Official Register of the United States, vol. 1, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893, p. 74.
44. “A Concise Historiography of Kentucky,” http://jkhg.org/historiography.htm.
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